Travel to Africa – Health Tips by Centre for International Health

During the trip to an African area is exposed to tropical infectious diseases and natural elements of the journey itself as heat, humidity, water consumption and unsafe food and mosquitoes. That is why in these circumstances the traveler must remember the general and specific travel health recommendations that can be given by Center for International Health or from your doctor.

On the African continent, as far as health risks are concerned, should distinguish three zones: the Mediterranean or the Maghreb, the meningítico belt and sub-Saharan Africa.

In the Mediterranean basin and the Maghreb, preparing food and even the act of eating is made with hands, so hygiene is very important. To prevent diarrhea is recommended to eat freshly cooked, boiled or fried foods, drink bottled or boiled products such as coffee or tea, and brushing your teeth with bottled, boiled or disinfected water purification tablets. Therefore, avoid street foods or raw, salads, seafood or fruit peeled by third parties and ice cubes, dairy products, drinks or bottled or boiled sealed, or natural fruit juices that have not been squeezed in their presence. For its part, the Centre for International Health will appreciate vaccination against hepatitis A and typhoid.

In case of diarrhea, remember that the most important thing is to keep well hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids (2-3 liters a day), astringent diet and use oral rehydration preparations or antidiarrheal antisecretory if needed. If diarrhea was more severe with fever (≥38ºC), blood, mucus or pus in the stool should consult a doctor as soon as possible.

Meningítico belt area is known as one geographical area width from west to eastern Africa from Senegal to Ethiopia, and from Sierra Leone to Kenya. In this area, apart from intestinal diseases described above, the risk of meningitis by different strains of meningococcus is high, especially during the month of November to June or dry season. Therefore, if a traveler visits any of these areas and in that time of year probably Medical Center for International Health recommend the quadrivalent vaccine against meningitis. Turn on that area there is a risk of malaria and yellow fever, being recommended its chemoprophylaxis and vaccination respectively.

In sub-Saharan Africa as well as intestinal diseases mentioned above, the main risk is that of the insect, such as malaria, dengue and yellow fever diseases.

Malaria is a serious parasitic disease caused in this territory mainly by Plasmodium falciparum which is transmitted by the bite of a mosquito nightly habit throughout the year and in all countries. There is today an effective vaccine against it, so it is advisable to take a preventive treatment or chemoprophylaxis to prevent its development and prevent mosquito bites.

Dengue is a viral disease, usually appearing as a banal acute febrile illness, self-limited in time, which is transmitted by the bite of a mosquito daytime habit throughout the year and in all countries. In rare cases bleeding episodes may appear to be a warning sign to see a doctor immediately. There is today an effective vaccine against it, nor preventive or chemoprophylaxis treatment, so it is recommended to avoid mosquito bites throughout the day and evening, use repellents, sleep in treated mosquito nests and paracetamol if you have muscle pain, arthralgia or headache.

Yellow fever is a serious viral disease present in sub-Saharan Africa that is transmitted by the bite of a mosquito. In some of these countries its prevention by vaccination is mandatory to enter it, and will be the Centro who will advise its use, administer and issue the International Certificate of Vaccination. Among the Countries in Africa where tourists require yellow fever vaccination include Sierra Leone, Togo, Angola, Benin, Burkina-Faso, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Liberia, Mali, Niger and Gabon in West Africa. In East Africa we have Burundi and Rwanda, in Central Africa we have Central African Republic, Cong and Democratic Republic of the Congo. Once you arrive at the destination, or even sometimes for the entry visa in it, they would ask. The vaccine is effective after 24 hours or 10 days of his administration according to whether a booster or the first time he administered, and has a validity of 10 years. The International Certificate of Vaccination is not transferable, and if the traveler astray should go back to the center which issued for a duplicate.

Best Places in Uganda Africa to Go In September 2015

September proves time and time again to be one of our favorite months for Uganda. Avoiding the peak holiday months why not combine tracking the mountain gorillas of Uganda with a Big Five African safari in the same country… September means the peak season crowds have dissipated, you avoid the rainy season, and however gorilla tracking is still in full flow. If you want to see wildlife, then western Uganda is the place to go as the herds of Elephants sprawl in savannah grasslands of Queen Elizabeth National Park, Gorillas groom each other in the dense forests of Bwindi, zebras run in the acacia wood lands of Lake Mburo National park and Tree climbing lions relax in the fig trees of Ishasha sector.

visit-ugandaSome of the best camps and lodges to base yourself so you can capture the action include Ishasha river camp and Mweya Safari lodge located in Queen Elizabeth National park; Mahogany springs in Bwindi impenetrable national park, Mburo safari lodge in Lake Mburo national park and Pakuba lodge in Murchison Falls national park.

Still on the savannah game theme a much less visited and more dramatic wilderness location is the stunning Kidepo valley National Park. The park is at its height during the latter months of September and October as the park dries out and the concentrations of wildlife increase. Kidepo is not only good at this time of the year, however if you want quality and quantity, then you can’t go wrong!
If you want to track chimpanzees in the wild then there is no better place in the world than the dramatic Kibale forest National Park in western Uganda whilst staying at the unique and luxurious Primate Lodge. Fly to Fort portal airstrip, and then transfer by car down to the lodge located in the heart of the park, or organize a self drive safari in Uganda by renting a car in Kampala to save money and fulfill your travel dream to Africa and Uganda in particular. Spend the next few days tracking the cheeky chimps of Kibale through the dense stunning forests that provide the backdrop to one of the most unique properties in Uganda.

September provides one of the best months to track the chimpanzees of Kibale mainly due to it being towards the end of the dry season; this means the chimps are more focused around specific areas (and water sources) within the park rather than scattered around as you would find in other months when there is plenty of water available. It is also true to say that chimps are in their favorite trees during these months (and therefore you don’t have to walk as far!) due to some of their favorite fruits being available.

Queen Elizabeth National park—Uganda provides perfect conditions during the month of September with the dry season coming to end and game viewing being at its height. Due to limited water sources, towards the end of the season you will find wildlife principally gathering around the more permanent water sources making it perfect for game viewing. September is also a great month for seeing herds of Giraffes in Murchison falls National Park. If Zebras are of interest then September is also a good time to head to Western Uganda to see them gathering in Lake Mburo National Park. Remember that Equatorial Uganda has a pleasant warm and tropical climate with insignificant seasonal variations, making it good to visit year round, although there are wetter months that make certain plans and activities somewhat trickier, which is worth factoring into your planning

Africa’s Little Five Animals

Visitors to Uganda are always keen to catch a glimpse and a photo of the country’s celebrated Big Five animals namely; African Elephant, Lion, Rhino, Buffalo and Leopard. While the big game is magnificent and includes other giant animals like Giraffes, Hippopotamus, crocodiles and antelopes – there’s much more to Uganda’s wildlife. Other giants we can talk about is the world’s last remaining population of the mountain gorillas found in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park famous for gorilla trekking safaris in Africa.

LeopardTortise

Leopard Tortoise

 

Uganda has some of the world’s richest biodiversity hotspots that attracts thousands of tourists into the country every year. Here we find remarkable bird life with over 1000 species, abundant buck, small game and bizarre insects.

There is also a wealth of interesting must-see list: the Little Five. They include the Elephant Shrew, Ant Lion, Rhinoceros Beetle, Buffalo Weaver and Leopard Tortoise. Below is the lowdown on some of Uganda’s finest little creatures.

1. Leopard Tortoise
Leopard tortoises are the biggest of the little five and attractively marked on their shells, we find then in East and south African savannas. It grazes expansively upon mixed grasses and do not dig other than to make nests in which to lay eggs. African Leopard Tortoise typically lives for 80 to 100 years. The largest ones can grow up to 18 inches in length and weigh up to 18 kilograms.

rhinoceros-beetle

Rhino Beetle

2. Rhino Beetle
This is suitably named due to large horns on the male beetles very much like the rhinoceros does. Rhino Beetle is among the strongest creatures in the world in proportion to their body weight and are believed to be able to lift 850 times their own weight! All rhino beetles are herbivorous with adults feeding on fruit, nectar and sap. The larvae feed on decaying plant matter.

 

3. Elephant Shrew
These are small insectivorous mammals native to Africa. They are characterized by scaly tails and elongated snouts as well as rather long legs for their size. You may be mistaken for thinking that elephant shrews belong to the shrew family – they don’t.

elephant-shrew

Elephant Shrew

Unbelievably, these small furry insect-eating animals, also known as Sengis, are more closely related to elephants! Shrews grow to a length of 9 to 12 inches and the average weight is 1.5 pounds. Their life span is about two and a half to four years in the wild. Its main predators are snakes and birds of prey that make them extremely cautious so the chances of spotting them are slim! If you do manage to see an elephant shrew on your Ugandan safari, you are in the lucky small minority!

white-headed-Buffalo-Weaver

White Headed Buffalo Weaver

4. Buffalo Weaver
They are among the largest of the weaver birds, measuring up to 24 cm. Their diet consists of small and medium small insects, grass seed and small fruits. Red-billed buffalo weavers are social birds that build their untidy nests in the forked branches of tall trees that appear to be just a mixture of grasses and twigs–they are not very tidy builders! They are very social birds and their calls and cackles make for a noisy gathering!

5. Ant Lion
The Ant Lion probably gets its name from its predatory behavior of digging conical traps in the sandy soil to catch its prey of ants or termites which they eat by basically sucking them dry. It lives most of its life underground and is actually the larvae stage of a winged insect that resembles a dragonfly. The ant lion larva has a wide body, large jaws and apparently lacks an anus.

About Kampala – Uganda’s Capital City

Kampala (Capital City of Uganda) gets its name from “Hills of the Impala (due to the large presence of impala)” that translates into Akasozi K’empala by native Baganda in their local dialect (Luganda). So K’empala formally became ‘Kampala’ with repeated usage and when the British colonial rulers needed a name for the city they adopted this reference.

kampala-at-night

Kampala Life at Night

The city grew as the capital of the Buganda kingdom from which several buildings survive, including the Lubiri Palace, the Kasubi Tombs (built in 1881), the Buganda Court of Justice and the Buganda Parliament. It is reasonably safe by African standards and it is one of the few cities where travelers can walk the city at length rather than having to take taxis. Sitting at an altitude of 1220m and with moderate temperatures rarely rising over 30°C, Kampala exudes a personal charm usually absent from most capital cities where hustle and bustle is more frenetic – you have time to catch your breath!

Roam the wonderful streets of Kampala and markets selling an assortment of vegetables, fruits and livestock that provide a cacophony of noise and excitement. Explore a myriad of restaurants, nightclubs, bars, shopping malls, and theaters around the center of the city. The nightlife is lively and the locals are more than happy to mingle with you as the sun sets and Kampala gets it’s dancing shoes on.

flooding

Flooding in Kampala – Portholes

Need to spend a night in the heart of the city at the beginning or end of your trip, No worries as Kampala city is just located 34km north of Entebbe International Airport or you can stay closer to Entebbe along the shores of Lake Victoria. You can also take a trip to Jinja, 90km east of Kampala, to see the source of the Nile and enjoy some white water rafting. Kampala need not only be a stopover – it has much more to offer!

 

The Best Hotel to Stay In While In Kampala-The Kampala Serena
A busy road in KampalaKampala Serena Hotel is set in the heart of city, about 60 minutes from Entebbe international airport offering facilities and services that are almost endless. Discover 17 acres of lush Gardens, wallow in the swimming pool, enjoy 152 air-conditioned luxurious rooms, wine and dine at one of three restaurants all offering different cuisine and quench your thirst at the poolside bar or spoil yourself with a treatment at the Spa.

Top Tourist Activities in Rwanda – Eastern Africa

The diversity in Rwanda is almost unbelievable. Savannah, forest, jungle, mountain and wetland landscapes dramatically alter the wildlife in only a few hundred kilometers. Discover endangered mountain gorillas, monkeys, leopards and chimpanzees during your Rwanda safari activities.

Mountain Gorilla Trekking
These giant apes are a truly awesome sight to behold. They are found in Uganda’s Bwindi impenetrable forest and the Virunga Mountains and the trek is part of the fun. Volcanoes National Park is a home to some 300 individuals and there are five habituated families that you can visit. All hikes leave from the visitors’ centre. Remember that park fees and gorilla tracking permits are fairly on high demand and often need be bought ahead of time. Fortunately there are several companies ready to help you every step of the way and will be able to tell you much more about what is required. There are many gorilla tour packages available depending on your time, interests and budget. There are shorter trips of 2 or 3 day gorilla safari and longer trips up to 12 days or more. We also have trips combining more than one countries, for instance, Uganda and Rwanda combined safaris, Kenya and Tanzania depending on your budget, time and interests.

Primate Tracking
In addition to our famous gorilla treks, Rwanda offers the opportunity to hike in search of Chimpanzee and golden moneys as well. Both of these experiences are an exciting and worthwhile adventure for those who want to experience Rwanda’s vibrant mammal life! These cousins to humans can be found and tracked in Nyungwe National Forest–A beautiful guided hike through the forest will lead you to these charming creatures where you can watch them play and interact up close.

Birding Tours
Birding tours focus on Rwanda’s endemics and other specialties and visits the hottest birding destinations. Over 700 species are possible on this kind of tours including the Bennett’s Woodpecker, Red-Faced Barbet, Papyrus Gonolek and the Miombo Wren-Warblers. This is a special tour made for birders who want to see the highest number of quality species possible in Rwanda. Our efficient itinerary involves easy access areas and easy-moderate birding.

The tour necessarily operates on a tight schedule, and includes some fairly long drives between different IBA´s in order to find as many specialties as possible. The tour covers important bird areas of Rugezi Wetland, Nyabarongo Wetland, Akanyaru Wetlands, Nyungwe Forest National Park and Akagera National Park

Game Drives
Game drives are the highlight of any safari and one of the most amazing things you are ever likely to experience. Whether its early morning or late evening, expert rangers will guide you through beautiful Akagera National Park chasing the ultimate predators to experience a classic African Safari in the background and cooler temperatures–this is a safari experience unlike any of Rwanda’s neighbors. Akagera is located approximately 110 km from Kigali with the majority of the way paved.

Mountain Climbing
With mountains everywhere, Africa is the ideal spot for enthusiastic mountain climbers – there can’t be many more daunting prospects than scaling the vertical front of an African peak! Go on, we dare you! Rwanda has a magnificent mountain landscape including Mt Karisimbi at 4,507 metres that be ascent usually in 2 days. Mt Muhabura (4,127 metres) is the second highest peak in the Volcanoes National Park and it offers fantastic views of other five volcanoes and “Twin lakes”. It is a full day hike and it can be physically demanding because of its steep slopes. For shorter hikes you might consider Mt Bisoke (3,711m), with its typical perfect volcano shape and a crater lake. The ascent will take you 5hours to the whole day. Mt Gahinga (3,474m) is the smallest of the 6 volcanoes in the Virunga Range and it has some interesting features, such as volcanic caves. This pleasant hike will take you a half a day to one day.

Volcano Tours
You may not know but there are several volcanoes in East Africa – both dormant and active. There are several companies that offer fascinating tours of the craters (hopefully for you they’ll be dormant).

Tea Plantation Tours
Be sure to learn about our largest export in a visit to tea estate while you are in Rwanda. Rwanda’s fertile volcanic soil and temperate climate is perfect for growing tea, and you will see tea leaves covering the mountains –creating a stunning contrast to the blue skies, dirt roads and sunshine. Visitors can discover how tea is harvested and even get to taste the specialty! Tea plantation tours take 
place in a variety of locations 
across Rwanda, with the major ones being around Nyungwe National Park: Gisovu and Gisakura. This is a great family trip and travelers of all ages are welcome.
Get more than just a bird or nature tour, have an immersion into Rwandan lifestyle, highlighting the culinary specialties and way of life of each region we visit. It is our privileged local access that will make your experience exclusive and unforgettable. We are an efficient and reliable company, offering the highest level of detail and service from start to finish.

African Mountain Gorilla Tour – Flowing Guidelines

Are you looking for the perfect activity for having a wonderful adventures and distinct experiences? If you do, then taking a Rwanda gorilla tour in Africa will be the advisable one for you. This is one of the perfect destinations to see the African mountain gorillas in their natural habitat. Adventure, excitement, lesson and other related substantive experiences will surely be gathered in this particular activity.

In your journey, you will be able to observe and understand their nature and any related significant details with them. There are fascinating places where you can enjoy seeing and even interacting with them. But before you do it, be sure to be properly guided by various essential guidelines.
Here are some guidelines for you to have a successful trip on mountain gorilla trekking.

• Dress appropriately
Since you are supposed to climb mountainous areas, you must be able to dress suitable to the place. You should wear comfortable clothing for efficient and carefree mountain gorilla trekking journey. Bear in mind that you are not going to walk on roads. Your path will sometimes become steep and muddy and all. Always be ready for the possible on the day of your trekking activity.

• Pack enough water and foods
Your trekking tour will surely become long. On your way, you will surely be hungry and thirsty. So always be ready to satisfy your needs. You will need it to maintain your energy in more adventurous encounters. Unlike visiting other places such as malls, in jungle, there will be no stalls for foods, snacks and water. You must bring your own from the lodge / hotel to avoid any dangers or consequences. You may bring some fruits and energy bar which will serve as your energy source. These foods will keep you moving.

• Tell the type of trekking preferences you have
When you trek, you will need tour guides. They will ring you to the destinations where you can see various gorillas. You may tell them to what group of gorillas you want to see or encounter. Through your journey, you will be able to notice funny and natural behaviour of these gorillas.

• Always ready your cameras
In every trip or vacation, you would surely want to keep several tangible evidences of your experience. In this matter, you should see to it that your cam will be able to function well. Since you are dealing with these types of animals, you should follow some camera guidelines. You must bear in mind that you will be flash photography is prohibited. Gorillas may be disturbed by the flashes coming for your camera. Disable your cam flash when you are taking a picture. Furthermore, for camera security, you may also keep in waterproof bag.

Make the most of your vacation. Life can be very stressful oftentimes that is why in your every trip. You assure that your leisure time will be all worth it. Mountain trekking with the presence of gorillas will surely give you another worthy and adventurous experience. Through the superb contribution and enjoyment given by this activity, several people have tried it. But in this activity, be sure to follow valuable guidelines for your comfort in your planned trip.